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How To Become A Federal Probation Officer Full Guide

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How To Become A Federal Probation Officer : Federal Probation Officer Career

Federal probation officers are employees of U.S district courts with the duty of supervising the offenders who have been convicted of committing federal crimes. The role of these probation officers in of much moral importance as the help the habitual offenders leave their habit and become law abiding citizens.

Who Are Federal Probation Officers & How To Become A Federal Probation Officer ? 

They are the employees of federal courts and help the courts for fair administration and justice. Provide services to the community by eliminating the habitual offenders

Supervise offenders who are charged and convicted of crime. It is not easy to make the habitual offenders abide by the law, because of the reason that they had been into it for so long. For this reason the federal probation officers have duty of supervising them. The supervision of the offenders involves monitoring them in such a way that they don’t

violate the terms of their probation by getting involved in criminal activities. On the other hand being a federal probation officer has an aspect of serving the community as well. They help the habitual offenders get rid of their habits and if the numbers of habitual offenders reduce, the society will have fewer criminals which will eventually lead to a peaceful society.

If you are planning to become a federal probation officer, you must be glad that you have the right career choice. Being a probation officer you will not only serve your country but also serve the community.

Interested To Be A Federal Probation Officer Please Read Our Complete Step By Step Guide How To Become A Federal Probation Officer ?

 

This article will give you knowledge about:

  • How To Become A Federal Probation Officer
  • Duties of federal probation officer
  • Education requirements for the job of federal probation officer
  • Other Requirements for the job of federal probation officer
  • Salary of federal probation officer
  • Training procedures
  • Career opportunities in this job

Federal probation officer Job description

A federal probation officer mostly spends his time with the judges’ lawyers and other personnel of the court system. The judges take the input from the federal probation officer while giving a verdict on any case and this input of the federal probation officers is valued by the judges.

The input taken from the federal probation officer includes their opinion about executing a criminal or giving him the second chance. Since the probation officers have spent most time with the criminals therefore they can best judge the mindset of a criminal and he is worth enough of giving the second chance the probation officer recommends the court to grant him.

Mostly the work environment of a deferral probation officer is within the officer; usually he spends his time while coordinating with the officers from law enforcement agencies for gathering the record of a criminal secondly he is also responsible for talking to inmates and working on their mind set. Apart from this, the rest of the aspects of the job of federal probation officers are physical.

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Steps for becoming a Federal probation officer

In this section, we are going to guide you about the steps that you need to take in order to become a federal probation officer.

There are five steps involved in becoming a federal probation officer

  • Earn a degree
  • Find the Job of a federal probation officer.
  • Pass the physical examination and meet other requirements
  • Gain work experience
  • Continue your education for promotion into higher ranks.

The same steps are being followed in different states across the United States. For example if you are searching for ways of becoming a probation officer in Texas California or Florida the same step are being followed.

Benefits of becoming a federal probation officer

There are numerous benefits of becoming a federal probation officer. The federal probation office is an independent agency working with the judicial system but the perks being offered to the probation officers are similar to that of a person in civil services. For example, the probation officers enjoy the health benefit, which means that their health is insured and the government pays for their health expenses. Secondly the probation officers also enjoy life ensure and retirement benefits. Every probation officer receives a handsome amount of commutation and pension upon retirement.

The probation officers and assistant probation officers are considered as law enforcement officers and their duty is considered as hazardous duties and they receive higher salaries as compared to the non-hazardous officers. Under the law of Federal employee Retirement system (FERS), the law enforcement officers are eligible for retiring at the age 50 with 20 years of experience.

The federal probation officers are covered by social security and can participate in a thrift saving plan which is a Tax deferred saving plan.

In addition to this, the federal probation officers have paid leaves of 16-25 days per year depending upon their length of services. Moreover sick leave is also granted to the federal probation officers for 13 days in a year.

What are the skills needed to become a probation officer

We have already discussed the duties and tasks of a probation officer, in this section we are going to read you through the skills that you will need for performing the duties during your job.

  • Critical thinking:  The ability of critical thinking will allow you to design the best possible design for the probationers moreover you will also be able to judge the effectiveness of the plans that are already being made for the probationers.
  • Communication Skills: Your communication skills will allow you to communicate with the personnel from courts, your subordinates and probationers effectively as a result you will be considered as a good probation officer. Secondly effective communication skills will help to compromise the reports more clearly and efficiently.
  • Social Perceptiveness: A probation officer must have a broad social perspective and must be able to understand the things with broader spectrum. If you possess this skill, you will be able to command the people in an efficient way and your assessments and evaluations of the probationers will be more accurate.
  • Decision making: The skill of decision making will help you choose the best possible treatment for the probationers. Secondly with better decision taking power, you will be in a better position to give the recommendations to the court about the probationers based on their response to the treatment.
  • Organization: As a probation officer, you will have to deal with multiple probationers, each having a different plan of rehabilitation so the skill of organization will help you keep track of the rehab plan of every probationer.

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What is the difference between a probation officer and a parole officer

A probation officer is in direct contact with the probationers and his prime responsibility is to ensure that they complete their probation period during which their rehabilitation into the society is ensured. The duties of probation officers revolve around the probation facilities and the probationers.

On the other hand, a parole officer is responsible for dealing with the people who are released before the sentence is completed. There are certain conditions under which these people are released. The parole officer has to ensure that these requirements are fulfilled once the people are being released. For example, if a drug addict is released on the condition that he is not going to consume the drugs anymore; the parole officer has to ensure that he fulfills his promise.

Federal probation officer academy

The United States probation and pretrial national academy was established in the year of 2005. The academy is located at FLETC-Charleston. The key purpose establishing the academy was to train the probation officers and equip them the skills that they need during their jobs. The academy has set standards and the instructors ensure that everyone who gets training from the academy is able to perform his duties efficiently.

The academy also provides training to the individuals who are already serving in the probation and pretrial services.

For more information regarding the training programs offered at the academy, you can contact at (843) 566-7719.

Us probation officer exam

There is an exam which you have to pass to become a probation officer. Scoring high in the exam increases the chances of your employment as a probation officer. The exam paper for probation officers has different sections and each section will assess you on different skills that are required to perform the duties therefore you are advised to focus on every minor detail.

For a better idea about the exam, you can go through the previous papers which will give you a rough idea about the paper pattern. An important point to remember is that every State has different exams, so focus on the past papers from the relevant state.

Duties of federal probation officer :

  • The first duty of the federal probation officer is to help the clients get housing, their entitlement and employment opportunities. For this purpose the probation officer has to get in touch with community-based agencies which can help the officer in getting these opportunities for the clients.

 

  • Rehabilitation is the prime focus to help the clients in recovering. Therefore the officers are asked by the federal courts to ensure that they get proper rehabilitation and appointment. Moreover it is also the duty of the probation officer to compel the clients to attend the appointments.

 

  • Some offenders are asked to wear electronic bracelets during their probation period. This is done to keep track of them. The duty of the probation officer is to ensure that the offenders meet the requirements. For this purpose the probation officer has to make visits to the home and work places of the offenders.

 

  • To the meet all the people linked with the offender is another duty of the federal probation officer. An offender is directed to meet with the family, employer and counselor of the offender. The purpose of these meetings to chart the progress of offender and see if there has been an improvement or not.

 

  • To review all the records of the offender is another duty of the federal probation officer. These records include court records, military record, school record, bank record and employment record.

 

  • The probation officers than have to report about the progress of each offender before the court. For this he has to prepare a testimony in which all the logs of offenders are included. The detailed testimony includes the number of offenders who have improved and the progress on of the improving offenders.

Federal Probation Officer Job Requirements

  • 1

    Degree Requirements

    The minimum educational requirement for the job is a bachelor’s degree.
  • 2

    Age Requirement

    The applicant must not be older than 37 years of age at the time of submitting the application.
  • 3

    Excellent Physical Health

    The applicant must be in excellent physical health conditions as the job demand stressful and sometimes dangerous work
  • 4

    No History Of Psychological And Emotional Disorders

    The applicant must not have a history of psychological and emotional disorders because it can affect the efficiency of the probation officer
  • 5

    No Conviction

    The applicant must not have felony conviction
  • 6

    Firearm License

    The applicant must be eligible to get firearm license
  • 7

    Driving License

    The applicant must have a valid driving license
  • 8

    IT Knowledge

    The applicant must have proficiency in handling the computers
  • 9

    Knowledge About the Laws

    The applicant must have knowledge about the practices and laws of federal law enforcement agencies

Degree Requirements For The Job :

The minimum educational requirement for the job is a bachelor’s degree which you must have attained from an accredited graduate school by the department of education United States. The prominent accredited graduate schools are

A.T still university of health sciences

Academy of Chinese culture and health sciences

Adams state university

Advance colleges of America

American graduate university

American military university

California maritime academy

Clark University

 

The degree program which includes the following courses are preferable of:

Psychology

Criminal justice

Counselling

Social work

However an aspirant who has a master’s degree and applies for the post is expected to get the advance supervisory position. The position is senior and has high salary and Other privileges After getting the classes newly employed probation officers have to go through a certification test. The certification exam will be based on the duties of a probation officer.

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Other Requirements For The Job :

There are other physical and mental health conditions which a person needs to have in order to apply for the job.

These requirements include:

  • The applicant must be in excellent physical health conditions as the job demand stressful and sometimes dangerous work. Therefore the physical conditions must be exemplary.

 

  • The applicant must not have a history of psychological and emotional disorders because it can affect the efficiency of the probation officer. Moreover the applicant must have ability to deal with multiple personalities. During the job, the officer will be required to deal with people having irruptive, aggressive and violent personalities.

 

  • The applicant will have to go through various tests which he needs to pass in order to get selected. These tests include written exams, verbal test, psychological tests and physical test.

 

  • The applicant must not have felony conviction. The term felony conviction means that a person committed a crime that resulted in confiscation of his land or goods.

 

  • The applicant must be eligible to get firearm license

 

  • The applicant must not be older than 37 years of age at the time of submitting the application.

 

  • The applicant must have a valid driving license.

 

  • The applicant must have proficiency in handling the computers because the entire documentation that the probation officer has to do is computerize now.

 

  • The applicant must have knowledge about the practices and laws of federal law enforcement agencies.

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Federal Probation Officer Salary :

The salaries of federal probation officers vary depending upon the experience in the field, the profile and education that you have and the area in which you getting the job. The urban areas tend to offer more salaries as compared to the suburban or rural areas.

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Federal Probation Officer Salary 10% =$34630

Federal Probation Officer Salary 25% =$41950

Federal Probation Officer Salary 50% =$53020

Federal Probation Officer Salary 75% =$71240

Federal Probation Officer Salary 90% =$94770

 

Percentile10%25%50%
(Median)
75%90%
Hourly Wage$16.65$20.17$25.49$34.25$45.56
Annual Wage (2)$34,630$41,950$53,020$71,240$94,770

 

The median Federal Probation Officer Salary upon the area in which they are doing their Job

California $58,230

New Jersey $72.700

Lowa $69,610

New York $66,960

The overall range of annual salary in the United States is $19,500 to $140,500. This makes the annual average salary $51,415.

Top paying States Federal Probation Officer Salary :

StateEmploymentEmployment per thousand jobsLocation quotientHourly mean wageAnnual mean wage
California13,5600.801.32$42.91$89,240
Rhode Island2000.410.68$39.93$83,060
New Jersey2,7900.691.14$35.48$73,810
New York4,7700.510.84$33.99$70,690
Iowa7400.480.80$33.83$70,360

Source:U.S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

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Training of Federal probation officers :

The federal probation officers have to go through a training process after they are being selected  for the job. The training is being conducted at the federal law enforcement training center located at South California

The training of the federal probation officers constitutes of

  • Orientation for the newly selected officers: The newly selected officers are given an orientation of six week in which they are taught about dealing with the offenders. During the orientation process the trainees learn about the safety measures that they have to follow for their safety and the safety of the offenders. Beside this they are being given various tactics which could be helpful for them during their investigations.

 

  • Firearms and safety instructor training: This training enables the officers to serve and firearm and safety instructors in their districts. By going through this training the probation officers learn about various teaching methods which they can use to instruct in their districts.

There’s a research and teaching agency within the federal courts.

The agency prepares program for the officers which includes

Seminars and workshops

In-person and online conferences

Satellite TV broad casts

Leadership and new supervisor programs

Beside these training every officer takes different training in the courts in which he serves. These training cover different subjects which will help an officer during his tenure.

The main areas which are covered in these training at the courts include:

  • Investigations: The officers are exposed to various methods that they have to follow for the investigations

 

  • Report writing: The officers have to make reports about the progress on the offender they are supervising and the requirements of these reports are different. Therefore the officers are taught about the procedures of writing a report.

 

  •  Substance abuse and mental health treatment: The probation officers are taught about the amount that is considered as substance abuse. Moreover they are also taught about different treatment for different levels of abuses. The offenders who have consumed more drugs would require more mental treatment and attention then a person who has consumed fewer drugs.

 

  •  Firearm and safety: firearms and safety training is an important aspect of training for the probation officers. This would help them operate safely during their tenure.

Career opportunities as federal probation officer:

As per the bureau of labor statistics the growth rate of federal probation officer was 18% for  the year of 2018 and is believed to exceed in the coming years. The reason for this growth is the  increase offenders in the society. The most prominent reason for the increase is the fast flow of drugs from the porous borders that United States has with Mexico. Another major reason behind  the growth rate for the job of federal probation officers is the measures that the court has taken to compensate the offenders.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

IndustryEmploymentPercent of industry employmentHourly mean wageAnnual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation)46,3302.13$27.52$57,240
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation)38,4600.70$29.86$62,110
Individual and Family Services1,1400.05$16.50$34,330
Facilities Support Services9500.61$20.85$43,360
Other Residential Care Facilities3500.21$21.76$45,260

Source:U.S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

IndustryEmployment (1)Percent of industry employmentHourly mean wageAnnual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation)46,3302.13$27.52$57,240
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation)38,4600.70$29.86$62,110
Facilities Support Services9500.61$20.85$43,360
Other Residential Care Facilities3500.21$21.76$45,260
Individual and Family Services1,1400.05$16.50$34,330

Source:U.S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Top paying industries for this occupation:

IndustryEmployment (1)Percent of industry employmentHourly mean wageAnnual mean wage (2)
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation)38,4600.70$29.86$62,110
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation)46,3302.13$27.52$57,240
Elementary and Secondary Schools80$21.85$45,440
Other Residential Care Facilities3500.21$21.76$45,260
Facilities Support Services9500.61$20.85$43,360

Source:U.S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

If you are planning to become a federal probation officer, you must be glad to hear that the growth rate of this job is more than any occupation. The increased growth rate indicates that people who are willing to join the field are going be lucky in terms of their employment in the first place and promotions that they are going have during their tenure.

After completing a bachelor’s degree and getting the necessary certifications you will be hired at the federal courts. During the six month probation you will have to go through Various types of training. After the successful completion of these six month you will be promoted to the position of “Deputy probation officer II” Upon the completion of one successful year, another promotion would be waiting for you and you will become “Deputy probation officer III” at this position you will have to serve for three successful years. During which your reports will be examined along with other professional activities that you have done. It is even possible in the field of probation officer to become regional director and supervise the work of hundreds of the probation officers within the jurisdiction of district courts. All that will be required from is to work efficiently and produce actual reports regarding the defenders. After going through the career opportunities that the job of federal probation officer has, if you or someone from you family is planning to opt the career he should definitely go for it. As choosing this career will help him/her grown in the field and will eventually

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