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What Does A Park Ranger Do Full Guide

Criminal Justice Career Guides

What Does A Park Ranger Do

Combine your Love of Nature with your Desire to Educate the Public as a Park Ranger

It is important to protect whatever nature we have left since too many areas are being paved over and transformed into extensions of the city. It’s also important for people to be educated about the natural plants and wildlife we have a growing and living in our country, so it’s the job of a park ranger to see to both of these things. We all like to take a break from the city’s stress and enjoy the country once in a while, but without the protection of park rangers, things like getting lost, animal attacks and bad plant reactions could dissuade you. A park ranger plays an important role in allowing people to enjoy nature safely and ensure that our natural areas remain undisturbed and safe.

What Does A Park Ranger Do?

The common question asked by a lot of people is what does a park ranger do? Should I pursue this as a career? Which sector owns this private or state? To answer all your queries we are here to give you a brief insight into what it is like to be a park ranger in the USA.

Have you ever visited a park in your state or drove beside it on a road trip? Even if you haven’t, must have heard that from Maine’s Acadia to California’s Yosemite, The United States is full of parks. If you visited these parks then you must have seen park rangers. Park rangers generally work for the National Park Service or other state agencies managing and protecting the places of natural and historical significance.

They make sure that the places are secure and good for a day out. Besides providing the protection they educate the visitors; help them in understanding the place better by describing its history or importance. They also manage gift shops and conduct investigation and rescue operations. They are the guardians of the national parks.

Still thinking of park ranger as a career? Keep on reading the article for step by step procedure.

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Necessary Training

Education is critical in the role of a park ranger, because the higher the degree you get, the better the salary outlook. An associate’s criminal justice degree is the bare minimum.

It can be taken in fields like business, law enforcement, criminal justice, public administration, park and recreation management, biology or environmental sciences. It can also be done online at places like Ashford University or Liberty University Online.

A 4-year bachelor’s degree in any of those fields is becoming more and more in demand though, so be sure of the exact requirements when you apply. It is even becoming more common for people to earn their masters degrees to ensure better chances of being promoted and earning more money because, without higher degrees, the average salary is about $24,000-$37,000 which is low compared to other careers criminal justice. It is also a field that will probably not grow too much in the coming years and is largely dependant on the environment’s condition, so obtaining advanced degrees puts you at the top of the competition.

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Job Duties

A park ranger must work independently and be prepared for any crisis or emergency. Still, they may also be placed in a team situation or be required to take on a leadership role, so the ability to adapt easily is key. Depending on where a ranger is located, whether in a park or rural, wilderness areas, the duties could change. In general, they are in charge of the overall well-being and safety of the people visiting the area and responsible for the respect and care of the natural area.

They could be called in on urgent cases like fires, lost hikers, animal attacks or injuries, or they could work on developing conservation projects, giving tours and educating the public. They will also work in an environmentalist capacity by studying natural wildlife behaviour and air and water quality. A park ranger wears many hats, but overall, they are concerned with the country’s natural regions’ conservation and longevity.

 to see to both of these things. We all like to take a break from the city’s stress and enjoy the country once in a while, but without the protection of park rangers, things like getting lost, animal attacks and bad plant reactions could dissuade you. A park ranger plays an important role in allowing people to enjoy nature safely and ensure that our natural areas remain undisturbed and safe.

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Types of Park Ranger s & Their Duties

There are two main types of park rangers but they are not only once their duties sometimes overlap can change according to the seasons.

  1. Law Enforcement Ranger:

  • Those who work in law enforcement or protection do the following:
  • Patrol the grounds including background and risky areas
  • Emergency duties are performed to protect people, government sites, and park
  • Conduct investigation; accidents, complaints or illegal activates
  • Search and rescue operations
  • Manage public events and provide security
  • Surveillance

  1. Interpretive and Cultural Park Rangers:

Those who work as Park Educators or interpreters do the following:

  • Plan educational programs for the visitors
  • Provide information about the park if the visitors ask
  • Field trips are conducted on the park’s highlight areas
  • Maintain facilities and structure of the park
  • Create content like visual displays and brochure of the park
  • Build trails and maintain them
  • Collect park fee

The individual who is of higher rank decides the budget, employees, and schedule of the park. Once you get the expertise there are chances of getting into higher positions of the park-like, superintendent or park director. These park rangers work for state or national parks; Everglades, Grand Canyon National Park, and Yellowstone National Park.

Park rangers work in different environments but most of them work outdoors except for the visitor center officers. The officers specialize in different fields who work in larger parks where they maintain specific duties which change during different seasons.

In spring park managers work in the backcountry; they work in remote areas of the park for several weeks and clean the trails which are damaged in winters. Summer is the tourist season, rangers this season manage the traffic and gift shops. Then there are snow rangers who patrol the mountains on skis or mountain vehicles in the winter season.

What is the Average Salary of a Park Ranger?

Salaries of park rangers vary based on the expertise, size of the park, duties, and education. It also varies according to the season, during busier seasons like summers it increases per hour. The average salary of a park ranger according to USAJOBS is $54,668 to $70,541 per year.

The National Park Service which is the largest organization not only hires rangers but also mechanics and museum curators, data analysts and landscape architects, engineers and educators, law enforcement officers, and firefighters. NPS has divided the salary for each as follows:

  • Park Ranger (Protection) Climbing: $34,916.0 – $43,251.0 / per year
  • Fire Dispatch (Forestry Technician): $16.73 – $20.72 / Per Hour
  • Maintenance Worker Leader: $28.58 – $33.34 / Per Hour
  • Office Automation Clerk: $14.95 – $14.95 / Per Hour

How to Become a Park Ranger?

The requirement of this job varies from one state to another as the landscape is not parallel. The National Park Service has maintained its status and defined the requirements for the rangers clearly. Some states require higher education whilst others ask the candidate to meet the requirements of the trainee first.

It is important to follow the steps mentioned below before applying:

  • Check the requirements for your state
  • Complete the education requirements
  • Fulfill training and apply for the license
  • Volunteer in the seasonal park first
  • Educational Requirements

It is important that you earn a degree in a relevant major prior to applying for the job. We are going to look at the structure of the National Park Service. They have assigned grade levels, known as GS levels starting from GS-1 to GS- 11. The higher the level more the money however, you first need to gain experience and training for higher job levels.

The educational requirements are:

  • GS-1 to GS-4: High school diploma
  • GS-5 to GS-7: Bachelor’s degree, or at least one year working as a GS-4
  • GS-9 to GS-11: Master’s degree, or at least one year working as a GS-7
  • GS-11 or higher: Doctoral degree, or at least one year working as a GS-9

You can choose a major of your choice but it is recommended that it is relevant to the field.

Majors can be in the field of:

  • Anthropology
  • Archaeology
  • Behavioral sciences
  • Business administration
  • Biology or wildlife biology
  • Earth sciences
  • Environmental studies
  • History
  • Law enforcement/police science
  • Museum sciences
  • Natural resource management
  • Natural sciences
  • Public administration
  • Park and recreation management
  • Social sciences
  • Sociology

Park Ranger Training

Park rangers go through a training process before joining the field. Like educational requirements, training requirements also differ from one state to another. The National Park Service has specific training that rangers have to complete. One year of specialized experience is required to fulfill the duties successfully. It can be in any field that the candidate wants to pursue in the future.

Besides this, high ranked rangers are also required to complete a seasonal law enforcement training program (SLETP) which is a basic police training administered by the National Park Service. It consists of a 680-hour class on the successful completion candidate receives a Type II Law Enforcement Commission. It means that now a ranger is authorized to carry a gun, make arrests, investigate crimes, and make searches.

Volunteer Experience

If you have previous volunteer experience, paid or unpaid it is a huge plus for you. The National Park Service offers many internships and volunteer programs for everyone. If you want to have a career in this field it is better if you join your local park or apply for the seasonal training program.

You can start helping the locals by providing them a park guide and help in maintaining the park. Seasonal workers also maintain the play areas, work in the gift shops of the park, and sometimes volunteer in museums and historical places.

This field requires expertise and familiarity with the land and the environment if you have previous experience then it will be easier for you to fulfill the requirements.

Condition of Employment

  • U.S. citizen
  • Pass physical and drug test
  • The candidate must clear a background investigation test
  • Males should meet Selective Service Registration Act requirement
  • Must have Type II or higher Law Enforcement Commission

Why Pursue Park Ranger as a Career?

The most common reason why people opt for a career is that it gives them the chance to work outdoors in the most beautiful environment. The working of this job attracts people as the rangers spend their days monitoring the grounds and mountains, inspect different areas, meet with new people, and engage with them. This kind of career is favorable for those who are ready to accept the challenge and don’t prefer monotonous career paths.

Besides this, increases individuals’ awareness about our planet and different species that like it. It makes workers more conscious of the environment and the habitat. It also helps you meet different people from different races and cultures. It helps you grow emotionally and spiritually.

Traits of a Good Park Ranger

You need to analyze first what kind of person you are and whether or not this job is suitable for your personality type. As a park ranger, you will be meeting new people every day, which means that you need to have good communication skills so that you can convey your message clearly in a friendly tone. Law enforcement park rangers also need to have good communication so that they can give instructions clearly.

The urge to help people and animals is also a trait which good rangers have. Be it a missing person or guiding people around the trails a ranger’s willingness to help visitors makes their trip worth coming. The workers who have an interest in culture and history also become good rangers as they are eager to learn about new places and their history.

Dangers of Being a Park Ranger

Many people romanticize the idea of working in a barren land, riding a horse as the sun sets behind them. Though this is true to some extent, however, the job of a park ranger is not easy. They need to be strong-willed and friendly to overcome the challenges.

They work in a vast open field which is dangerous especially the law enforcement rangers who work without any back. Keeping an eye on individuals is tricky in those areas. Officers get harassed by criminals and it is said that the job of these rangers is harder than border patrol officers and FBI agents.

Is Park Ranger The Right Career for You?

If you are thinking of joining this career because you think that it is easier than the rest, let me tell you it is not! Nothing is easy. Choose this path only if you are passionate about working outdoors and helping people and learning more about your country. You will face challenges and there will be days when you want to give up, but if you are passionate about what you do your job becomes easier.

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