PENOLOGIST

Penologist Career Guide – What Does A Penologist Do ?

Criminal Justice Career Guides Criminal Justice Degree

LEARN HOW TO BECOME A PENOLOGIST

What Does A Penologist Do – Penologist Job Description – Penologist Salary – What Skills A Penologist Must Have?- Career Requirements – Job Out Look-

Prison management and criminal rehabilitation comes under umbrella of professional name , penology.

Penology is a sub branch of criminology and deals with the management of prisons and punishments of crimes.

As humans, we are more punishments driven. We will restrain our self’s from doing something if and only if we know that there would be a penalty for doing that crime.  So basically, penology is prevention of crimes by setting standard bar of punishment for crimes. For example, there are certain set punishments for a particular crime and a person who is charged for doing that crime will face the set punishments so that in future he can be restrained from doing that crime.

Penology is also used to look after the criminal mental health when in prison because  it is not only important to punish people for what they have done but also to rehabilitate them so that they can be brought back to normal life.

In simple words, penology is prevention of crimes by setting standard bar of punishment for crimes. For example any one found guilty for certain crime will get punishment set against that crime.
Penology is also used to look after the criminal mental health when in prison,  to avoid further crimes. Because it is not only important to punish people for what they have done but institutions also need to guide their thinking towards positivity in order to avoid crimes in future.

What does a penologist do?

As we have discussed in depth about the term Penology, now it’s time to discuss the person who is responsible for regulating all these processes in the Jail. The person responsible for taking prison management is called as penologist.

A penologist is a person who is in direct contact with the prisoners and is responsible for managing the prisoners in such a way that their successful return to the society is ensured.

You might have the question in mind that what does a penologist do, what is penologist salary, job opportunities for a penologist, penologist career growth ?

The answer is Simple, a person working in prison system and having direct contact with criminals is penologist. A penologist also has the responsibility of the peacefully regulating the affairs of Jail. Through proper security checks, he has to ensure that there isn’t any drug trafficking in the jail. Apart from this, he also has to ensure that the prisoners are in peaceful settlement with each other and there are no chances that they can provide fata harm to each other.

Penologist is the person who is in direct contact with the prisoners, security guards and other law enforcing agencies therefore he need to have to multi-dimensional personality and exceptional communication skills. The multi-dimensional personality will enable him to deal with every situation accordingly. For example, it requires a person to deal differently with the prisoners and the officers from law enforcing agencies therefore multi-dimensional personality will be a handy skill if you are planning to become a penologist.

Secondly, the penologist is responsible for successful induction of these criminals into the society. This requires a penologist to have an accommodative behavior and effective communication skills. The penologist is responsible for shaping the behavior of these inmates in such a way that they become normal citizens of the society and become beneficial for themselves and their families.

Penologist Job Description & Penologist Salary 

As discussed earlier, a penologist is the person responsible for regulating the jail affairs. The job of a penologist revolves around certain factors. The first aspect of his job is to work on the mental rehabilitation of the prisoners so that they can become a normal and law abiding citizens. For this purpose, a penologist will have to show them the perks of being a law abiding citizens. He/she can show case them the peaceful lives of the people who have been law abiding citizens.

The job of a penologist can be a tricky one because a penologist will have to accommodate the prisoners and at the same time he will have to ensure the peaceful regulations of the Jail affairs. So, a penologist will have to adopt the method of sticks and carrots where at times he will have to punish them for their crimes while at other time, he will have to accommodate them to work on their mental rehabilitation.

Apart from the criminals, a penologist will also work with individuals from law enforcing agencies. The penologist will have close working relationship with the prison guards, probation officer, parole officer and criminologist. Moreover a penologist might also be asked about the progress of criminals by the court. So, this requires a penologist to have accurate information about all of the prisoners under his custody.

Though the process of punishments and rehabilitation of the prisoners, a penologist will be contributing towards the reduction of crimes from the society. So, apart from being a reputable profession, the job of penologist is an excellent opportunity for the people who are willing to positively contribute towards their society and country.

Penologist Salary 

According to bureau of labor statistics the average annual salary of a penologist in 2017 was 67,000.

The crime rate is expected to grow with the increase in population which will make the prisons crowded therefore the law enforcing agencies will need more and more penologists for handling the jail affairs and working on the rehab of the criminals. So, the job prospects for the penologists are bright in the coming future.

Step By Step Guide How To Become Penologist?

What Skills A Penologist Must Have? 

The first and most important skill for a penologist is to have excellent verbal and written communication skills. During the duty, a penologist will have to interact with the prisoners therefore a person willing to become a penologist must have excellent communication and interpersonal skills. Secondly, the penologist will also have to prepare reports on the progress of the prisoners therefore his writing skills must be supportive for conducting his job.

Though physical fitness doesn’t count as a skill but when it comes to the job of penologist, it is an important factor that can be counted as a skill for effectively performing the job.  A penologist will always be surrounded by the criminals and anything can be expected from the habitual criminals therefore he/she must be in sound physical condition so that any mishap happening with the premises of the prison can be handled.

During the rehabilitation process of the criminals, a penologist will have to play with the minds of the criminals for which he needs to have command over the subject of human psychology. Moreover, a penologist must have a sound understanding of the rules and regulations of the correction. Having the knowledge of corrections will make bring ease in doing his job.

If you are planning to become a penologist and do not have the basic understanding of correction, don’t worry at all. Once you are selected for the job of penologist, you will be receiving a proper training program during which you will be educated on all these skills required for the job of penologist.

Penologist requirements

  • A person with bachelor’s degree in criminal justice, psychology or justice administration can become a penologist.
  • A person who has studied the courses on punishment techniques and criminal psychology during his educational degree.
  • A penologist must have a sound understanding of crimes and punishment, how US prisons work, how to manage prisons and their budget? Etc.
  • A penologist must also have self-defense techniques, technique of handling firearms and legalities involved.

Career Requirements

Degree  Level             Bachelor’s degree
Degree FieldsCriminal justice, criminology, psychology, sociology
ExperienceRequirements vary by job setting; some jobs are entry-level
Key SkillsExcellent written and oral communication, strong listening and decision making abilities, understanding of criminal behavior causes and an understanding of the different ways to rehabilitate criminals
Salary (2015)$73,760 yearly (median for all sociologists, which includes penologists)

 Job out Look 

According to the bureau of labor statistics, there is continuous growth expected for the job of Penologist. The reason for this growth is simple, the crimes in the society aren’t going to finish and so do the punishments for those crimes. So, as long as there are punishments for the crime the demand for the penologist is going to increase.

Apart from the punishments, the penologists are also in demand for the rehabilitation process of the criminals. The demand of penologists for the rehabilitation of criminals is going to increase in the upcoming future because of the constant growth in the population and the increase in the crime rate.

So, if you are planning to pursue your career as a penologist, you need to know that the demand for this job is never going to vanish and the as a penologist you will always be in demand. There are numerous criminal justice agencies across the US which are seeking penologists, so, once you meet the criteria for the criminal penologist, you can apply to your desired agency.

Penologist Salary 

According to bureau of labor statistics the average annual salary of a penologist in 2017 was 67,000.

The crime rate is expected to grow with the increase in population which will make the prisons crowded therefore the law enforcing agencies will need more and more penologists for handling the jail affairs and working on the rehab of the criminals. So, the job prospects for the penologists are bright in the coming future.

How to Get a Penologist Job?  

 So, if you are planning to become a penologist, you will need an educational degree in any of the field that includes courses on criminal psychology and criminal Justice system. Once you have the degree you will have to apply for the announced positions.

You will be called for an interview upon successfully passing the test. After the interview you will have to go through background check, during which your previous record will be checked. Once you have cleared all these things, you will be trained for the job. The training will not end once you have joined the job, you will constantly need to improve your skills in order to further climb to the higher positions.

Emphasize on learning and job satisfaction is guaranteed! Good luck!

Refrences

https://www.usajobs.gov/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki

 

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